Today, we witness “convertible and eco-friendly” volumetric modular structures stand out in the construction sector, with new construction technologies, new construction methods and innovative materials, unlike traditional building systems.
Mobile life offers fast and practical solutions with modular structures to all the sudden and changing needs of people far away from their homes in the most severe climatic conditions. Stable architectural solutions used in built-in building systems have begun to be replaced seriously by modular building systems. Demand for modular building systems has been increasing day by day in many areas of our lives such as education, entertainment and health services and housing.
Also permanent and temporary accommodation and relocation, which occurred in extraordinary situations such as natural disasters, wars, mass displacement movements (immigrants, refugees, asylum seekers), caused the rapid spread of modular living structures, which are more flexible, fast and practical easy shelter methods.
If we classify modular building systems in general, it is possible to divide them into fixed modular structures and mobile modular structures. If we list the fixed structures in general, these are structures such as schools, hospitals, shopping malls, clinics, residences, administrative buildings, hotels and dormitories. In the class of mobile modular structures we can refer to caravans, modular containers, caravan-containers, temporary disaster housing, wagon-containers, refugee camps, worker camps, natural disaster camps, etc. The aforementioned buildings can be used for traditional shelter as well as temporary – modular accommodation in disaster and war zones; They are also used as temporary residences or permanent settlements in construction sites, oil & gas, mining and drilling sites and factories until the end of work.
Modular systems are used for structures that require speed and must be completed in harsh climatic and geographical conditions. These elements produced in a controlled manner in the factory are transported to the field in units and assembled here. The structures in the images are manufactured as “flat-pack” in the facility of Dorçe in Turkey and then converted into Volumetric structure in the factory located in Kazakhstan. The volumetric structures created later are sent to the area where they will be used and form the modular main structure with the adjoining units. These types of building systems allow the rapid formation of larger interior volumes and larger structures by coming together of modules as volumetric structures. Dorçe’s Copper Mine Accommodation Facilities Project in Kazakhstan – Aktogay was completed with “volumetric” building systems in -40 degrees climate conditions.
The advantage of this method is that all conditions are under control since the production takes place in the factory environment. Thus, the quality of the produced material increases. Fire, sound and thermal insulation can be made as desired. In addition, this method saves time. Likewise, with this building system structures such as hospitals, shopping malls, schools, clinics, residences, administrative buildings, hotels, dormitories are made within the scope of modern and cultural designs.
Volumetric structures provide many advantages to people in today’s modern living spaces. Mobile structures offer practical solutions in accordance with the changing needs of people. The aforementioned structures are permanent or temporary structures that can be equipped with high-level technology, meet their own needs, even solve their sub-structural needs such as energy recovery and waste recycling. They are lightweight, easily assembled and disassembled or transported from one location to another.